Here's a tidbit...I followed Gutthans suggestion and did a quick check at Quadratec. (They've sold my Jeep books over the years and deserve a worthy plug!) I pulled the Quadratec part number for the '72-'86 CJ model Dana 30 front axle ring-and-pinion with 4.10 gear ratio: Quadratec #52440.1012.
When I put this number in the site's search bar, the only reference that came up was the '72-'86 CJ application. This could just be the parts numbering system at Quadratec, or it could indicate that '72-'86 is the only year range of Dana 30s that we can say with certainty will fit your front axle.
I would suggest taking a sampling of Quadratec's R&P gear set part numbers from the years and applications you inquired about. See if there is any other part/set for a 4.10 ring-and-pinion that matches the '72-'86 application.
I'll compare Mopar factory part numbers for Dana 30 R&P gear sets from the CJ-7 era and up. We'll start with the ring gear and pinion shaft, as these parts are machined for correct pinion length and depth, bearing locations, pinion spline type, ring gear fit to the carrier, pinion bearing preload method (crush sleeve or shims, which determines the machining on the pinion shaft) and the yoke flange seal design. I emphasize each of these issues, as they would be on the check list when examining parts other than specific '72-'86 Jeep CJ Dana 30 replacement parts. Any attempt to use parts from another application would need to take these machining issues into account. Standard versus reverse rotation gear cuts remain important, too.
On a lesser note, axle shaft spline count plays a role with the differential carrier flange design and axle shaft bore sizing. That's a carrier concern. Overall, though, the best place to start is simply with the ring-and-pinion gear set interchangeability.